It is quite safe and simple to donate blood. Any rose cheeked individual, willing to donate blood, between 18-60 years of age can come forward for this generous act of donation of blood. The entire process of blood donation is completed in approximately 10-15 min Donating blood includes some points that one should know are:

As an individual choose to go for blood donation, he/she is asked about the health status. By and large, individual is asked to fill a form.

To ensure health of donor a quick physical check up is done that includes measure of temperature, pulse, blood pressure and hemoglobin content in blood.

Donor, if found fit, is asked to lie down on a resting bed to donate blood.using a sterile equipment approximately 350 ml of blood is collected in one donation in a special plastic bag. Anyone weighs more than 60 kg can donate approximately 450 ml of blood.

Donor is given something refreshing to drink or light snacks after donation is done.

Withing eight hours of blood donation, it is separated into components that is taken to the laboratory for testing. Found safe in testing, blood is kept in special storage and taken to hospitals when required.

Antibodies and antigens produced by a person’s blood determines the type of blood runs in his/her veins. Human blood group is categorized into four categories namely

  1. A group
  2. B group
  3. O group
  4. AB group
Human blood also grouping in terms of Rh-factors. In the Rh grouping person is either Rh positive or Rh- negative. Both the grouping together define the type of blood in an individual.
  1. A positive or negative
  2. B positive or negative
  3. AB positive or negative
  4. O positive or negative
Individuals with O type blood are called universal donors as their blood can help persons with any blood group. While those with AB blood type are called universal recipient for they can receive from any blood type.

An individual is allowed to donate blood if he/she satisfies all the conditions given below:

  1. He/She belongs to age group of 18-60 year.
  2. Weight is at least 45 kg.
  3. Minimum hemoglobin level is 12.5%
  4. Last blood donation should be at least 3 months earlier
  5. Individual is healthy and lately has not encountered any transmissible disease.

An individual is not allowed for blood donation if he/she comes across any of the following conditions:

  1. Having cold or fever in past one week
  2. Undergone vaccination in the last 24 hours
  3. Undergone any major surgery in the past 6 month
  4. Found HIV positive
  5. Under any medication or treatment
  6. Cardiac Problems, epilepsy, history of cancer, bleeding tendencies, hypertension, diabetes (on insulin therapy), venereal disease, chronic kidney disease or liver disease etc.
  7. If have been pregnant or had miscarriage in the past 6month or lactating in the past one year.
  8. Had fainted during the last process of blood donation
  9. Receiving treatment with blood products

A successful donation is ensured when donor is healthy. Further being healthy makes you feel better and cheerful. Low fat and iron rich food is recommended before any blood donation.